Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Resolution is the Greatest Power Essay Example Resolution is the Greatest Power Essay Resolution is the Greatest Power Essay A man an exceptionally solid and keen man arrived at a state of expecting to uncover the historical backdrop of his life. The degree of appalling encounters for an incredible duration don't should be endured by anybody. At seven years old, he started to work. He played the drums persistently for quite a long time at the focal point of a huge court. With a ton of exertion, he gathered around fifty pesos every day from outsiders that strolled by. The outrageous danger of being oppressed was something that he didn't consider. His familyÃ¢â¬â¢s needs were more fundamental to him than everything else on the planet. At sixteen years old, he went to the United States looking for a superior future. For two staggeringly long months he had no place to go. The desire inside him assisted with getting himself a rooftop over his head; a little stay with an old bed and a corroded kitchen. He started to work and go to class. In the wake of moving on from secondary school, he was affirmed to select at UCLA. With the help independently, he had the option to graduate. This gigantic step made his deep rooted objective plainly obvious. The self control he conveyed brought him incredible achievement. This solid and clever man, my dad, presently achieved what he once longed for. I accepted that life didn't require any exertion. I accepted this since I was a credulous kid, similar to some other, who just idea of playing. My dad disclosed his story to me constantly. I was not actually certain about what he implied with his story. He rehashed it to me commonly. As I became more seasoned, more astute, and savvier I started to decipher the shrouded message in his story. It instructed me to never abandon anything and to consistently chip away at making my fantasies a reality. That is the best talk I have ever been educated. Self discipline is the way to progress. I dread that the world will one day overlook this; losing this will be hazardous for everybody, everybody. Dismissing this key to progress may make humankind look for an answer urgently, paying little mind to the results.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
An Epidemic of Fear - Essay Example The effect of their investigation in those days merits nothing with the end goal that even today the inoculation paces of measles, mumps and rubella have not been completely recouped. About the episode of plague developing a year prior WakefieldÃ¢â¬â¢s look into was demonstrated to be false, I feel that there was no association among immunizations and mental imbalance in any case. The examination was exceptionally conceivable. In his article Ã¢â¬Å" An Epidemic of FearÃ¢â¬ , Offit voiced out different dangers. He never campaigned the Bush organization in its undertakings to actualize a program that was planned for giving smallpox antibodies to a huge number of Americans. He expected that executed this program will slaughter individuals. As indicated by him, the preventive antibody was a greater hazard than the danger of chicken pox itself. It was the thought of hazard in his brain that set off the counter antibody development. He felt that the guardians ought to be given the alternative to quit such antibodies and have the option to see with their own eyes if the development would be dangerous for youngsters or not. The thought was likewise inserted in CDCÃ¢â¬â¢s immunization plan the general hazard to general wellbeing after such a move was too huge to permit people or to give them the freedom to settle on choices that will influence their networks. The hazard is additionally one of the primary spurri ng parts of OffitÃ¢â¬â¢s life. He faced the challenge of giving his high schooler youngsters this season's cold virus antibody even before it was suggested for offspring of their age gathering. The hazard here for him was the mischief dispensed on his kids on the off chance that they became ill. He needed to ensure his kids at any hazard and he likewise needed Americans to be totally instructed about hazard and not robotize their reasoning component. As per him Ã¢â¬Å" decision not to get an immunization is certifiably not a decision to face no challenge, ItÃ¢â¬â¢s only a decision to face an alternate challenge, and we should be better about saying, Ã¢â¬ËHereÃ¢â¬â¢s what that diverse hazard looks like.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢
Tuesday, August 11, 2020
Would an Intervention Help My Addicted Loved One Addiction Coping and Recovery Overcoming Addiction Print Would an Intervention Help My Addicted Loved One? By Elizabeth Hartney, BSc., MSc., MA, PhD Elizabeth Hartney, BSc, MSc, MA, PhD is a psychologist, professor, and Director of the Centre for Health Leadership and Research at Royal Roads University, Canada. Learn about our editorial policy Elizabeth Hartney, BSc., MSc., MA, PhD Updated on June 24, 2019 istockphoto More in Addiction Coping and Recovery Overcoming Addiction Methods and Support Personal Stories Alcohol Use Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Nicotine Use Interventions are a popular theme in TV shows. The story is enticingâ"a young person or previously responsible parent goes astray and succumbs to the ravages of alcohol or drugs, is confronted by caring friends and family, and in just one episode, realizes the error of their ways and turns their life around, often through a miraculous yet accessible treatment program. But is the reality really as simple as reality TV would have us believe? Although shows featuring real-life interventions are helpful in giving hope to addicts and their families, and showing that change is possible, they donât necessarily reflect an accurate view of reality, either for the individuals involved or how an intervention could turn out for those considering an intervention for someone they care about. Do Interventions Work? The term intervention can be confusing because it can be used to refer to the various therapeutic approaches used to treat addiction, many of which are evidence-based and effective. These include motivational interviewing, cognitive behavioral therapy, and couples therapy. These evidence-based treatments and several others, typically take time and commitment on the part of the addicted person but are generally helpful. What we are discussing in this article is not a treatment per se, but rather, a planned attempt by a group of people to persuade someone they are in a relationship with to either quit alcohol or drugs on their own or to seek treatment. This process may be led and guided by an interventionist who is hired by the family or group. An intervention may not be done in an aggressive way, although sometimes it is accompanied by expression of anger about past wrongdoings of the addicted person, and threats to discontinue or seriously limit the relationship, but it is always in some way confrontationalâ"even if the confrontation is presented as an invitation, which generally is not effective in overcoming addiction. From a professional standpoint, interventions cannot be recommended, simply because there is not enough research available to support their effectiveness. That doesnât mean they canât be effective; it just means that the studies we need in order to âproveâ the effectiveness of interventions has not yet been carried out. While a few studies were conducted on the effectiveness of interventions in getting people into treatment during the late 20th century, they typically showed that family members chose not to follow through on confronting their family members. One study showed that when they did follow through, they were able to get their family member into treatment, but in the end, this was a very small number of people, and the outcome of therapy was not reported. Bear in mind that all therapies, no matter how effective, were at one time unproven, went through experimental stages and refinements, were funded for research, and finally, enough studies were conducted showing their effectiveness that they became accepted the practice. But just because they are accepted practice doesnât mean they are guaranteed to work for everyone. From an anecdotal perspective, interventions have mixed reviews. Some clinicians have had the experience of working with people whose families have conducted interventions that have been helpful in persuading their loved one to get help. Others have had much more negative reviews, in which the intervention was poorly conducted or the addicted individual was not in a place to hear the feedback, and it caused an even greater problem for the addicted individual and an even greater rift in their family. So how do you know whether an intervention is going to help the person you care about? What seems to be the crucial factor is the experience and skill of the interventionist leading the interventionâ"perhaps this is why interventions appear so successful on TV shows with large budgets, the best-trained experts, and teams of professionals providing backup support to the individual and family. But in the real world, we have no current systems for evaluating the credentials of interventionists, nor for providing backup if needed, so there is very little information on which to base your decision. Why Would People Use Interventions If They Dont Work? Interventions for addiction are big business, especially in the United States, where they are often portrayed on TV. In desperation, families of people with addictions pour their life savings into interventions, hoping to save a loved one who seems to no longer see reason. Yet the basis of interventions is more about hype than about true recoveryâ"reality TV is not in the healthcare business, it is in the entertainment business, and the drama of a carefully orchestrated and edited video story of confrontation and redemption is very appealing to the modern American audience. Part of why interventions are so appealing, and also, so unlikely to be effective, is that they offer the dream of a simple solution to an incredibly complex situation. We know from decades of research that people do not become addicted purely by nature or nurture, but a complex interplay between the two. Typically, someone with an addiction is struggling with underlying issues that they may not even be aware of, issues that an interventionist or well-meaning family member are even less likely to be aware of. Although a proportion of people are able to overcome severe addictions on their own, it takes great determination and access to alternative ways of coping to do this. For many others, overcoming addiction requires treatment, and it often takes many attempts to completely quit alcohol and drugs. Of course, this does not mean that people are never helped by an intervention. The process of becoming aware that your behavior is harming yourself, and those around you, is an important step towards recovery, and the first step through the stages of change from pre-contemplation to contemplation. However, confronting someone with an addiction is a very risky approach, and can just as easily backfire, making the addicted person feel attacked, alienated, and misunderstood instead of feeling supported. In these cases, an intervention can even worsen an addiction, causing the person to seek comfort in alcohol and drugs, and to seek out the company of those who understandâ"drinking and drugging buddies and drug dealers. The Different Stages of How to Overcome Addiction Factors to Consider in Choosing an Interventionist If, after considering the lack of research support, you still feel an intervention might be right for your loved one, here are some common-sense considerationsâ"NOT based on medical fact or researchâ"to think about in making the decision to employ an interventionist: Do you know anyone who was helped by the interventionist? If so, were their problems similar to those of the person you care about? Were their characteristics (such as age, culture, and how long they have had the addiction) similar? A personal recommendation from someone dealing with similar issues is often a way that people make decisions about therapists.Talk to the interventionist. Did you develop a good rapport? Do they seem to understand the problems you are describing? Do you get a good âgut feelingâ from this person?What is the financial investment? How much do you stand to lose if it doesnât work out? Could these funds be used on a different program that offers more credibility? Remember that although many people working in the addictions field know what they are doing and genuinely want to help their clients, there are others out there who just want your money, and will prey on the desperation felt by loved ones who are looking for a miracle cure. There are no miracle cures, and overcoming addiction is hard work, especially for the addicts themselves. Alternatives to an Intervention The best approach to treating an addiction depends on a great many factors, including the substance being used, how severe the addiction is, the addicted persons attitude towards treatment and quitting or cutting down, and whether they have concurrent mental and/or physical health problems. A physician is often in the best position to discuss this with the person with the addiction, although many physicians do not have a great deal of training or expertise in addiction, and some are not comfortable working with people with addictions. The American Board of Addiction Medicine provides specialized training and certification for physicians, and so an ABAM certified physician is a great person to help people with an addiction find the right treatment, as well as provide a great deal of treatment themselves. You might also want to consider finding out about other treatment options for your loved one: DetoxMotivational interviewingResidential treatmentSelf-help groups, such as SMART recovery and Sober24 Communicating With Your Loved One Communication with your loved one is important in building and maintaining the trust that is required to support them in recovery. Often, trust in relationships can be badly damaged during an addiction, as the addicted person will often feel it necessary to keep their addictive behavior secret from their loved ones, often believing this is for their own good. Then, when the loved one discovers the addictive behavior or is faced with some of the negative consequences of the addiction, they typically feel betrayed and angry. You may not be able to persuade or bully your loved one into treatment, and in fact, trying to do so may actually make both their addiction and your relationship worse. On the other hand, honest and clear communication is typically very helpful. Setting boundaries around what kinds of behavior cross the line and are unacceptable, and making it clear that you have your own life and needs are extremely important in relationships with people who have addictions. This is often not easy, although knowing what not to say to someone with a drug addiction, and these tips on how to help an addicted friend or relative may be helpful.
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Entre la ayuda financiera para pagar por el college o la universidad destacan lasÃ becas para deportistas domÃ ©sticos y extranjeros. Las becas estÃ ¡n abiertas a ciudadanos, residentes permanentes, estudiantes internacionales (visa F-1), indocumentados con acciÃ ³n diferida aprobada (DACA, por sus siglas en inglÃ ©s) y, en ocasiones, tambiÃ ©n a indocumentados no elegibles para DACA. Ventajas de las becas Las becas, que pueden ser totales o parciales, permiten obtener una licenciatura de Estados Unidos, entrenar a un gran nivel deportivo, mejorar notablemente el conocimiento del idioma inglÃ ©s. Incluso en el caso de estudiantes internacionalesÃ se puede obtener al finalizar los estudios un OPT, que es un programa que permite seguir en Estados Unidos por un aÃ ±o con un permiso de trabajo.Posteriormente se podrÃ ¡ conseguir una visa que permita continuar en Estados Unidos o habrÃ ¡ que dejar el paÃ s. QuÃ © se necesita para obtener una beca deportiva para estudiar en una universidad americana Los requisitos son diferentes segÃ ºn la universidad, pero en general se tienen en cuenta los siguientes factores: Buen nivel deportivo. De Ã ©l dependerÃ ¡ en gran medida el importe de la beca.Haber acabado el equivalente al high school americano. En caso de estar cursando estudios universitarios, haber completado menos de tres aÃ ±os acadÃ ©micos. Hay que convalidar los tÃ tulos y diplomas de otros paÃ s (es lo que tambiÃ ©n se conoce como validaciÃ ³n). AquÃ cada universidad tiene diferentes estÃ ¡ndares deÃ convalidaciÃ ³nÃ a travÃ ©s de una determinada agencia,.Ã Tener entre 18 y 22 aÃ ±os de edad.Buen nivel de inglÃ ©s, que se mide en general puntuando 61 puntos en la versiÃ ³n de computadora del examen conocido como TOEFL. Si bien la puntuaciÃ ³n puede variar segÃ ºn el tipo de programa y universidad. MuchÃ simas universidades tambiÃ ©n admiten el IELTS.Completar la aplicaciÃ ³n.Ã Importe de las becas Depende de la universidad o college, del nivel del deportista y del deporte. Pero pueden ser completas, cubriendo la inscripciÃ ³n en la universidad, el alojamiento, las comidas y los libros. O tambiÃ ©n parciales cubriendo un porcentaje de la inscripciÃ ³n y otros gastos. En estos casos el becado internacional deberÃ ¡ probar que puede mantenerse econÃ ³mica en Estados Unidos. Deportes En general todos los deportes pueden tener becas. La gran mayorÃ a del dinero va para fÃ ºtbol americano y baloncesto. En el caso de estudiantes internacionales suelen estar concentradas en ciertas actividades deportivas, como por ejemplo: AtletismoBaloncestoFÃ ºtbol (masculino y femenino)GimnasiaGolfNataciÃ ³nTenisWaterpolo Hay que resaltar que las mujeres deportistas extranjeras encuentran mÃ ¡s fÃ ¡cilmente becas y estas suelen ser de mayor importe. Asimismo, hay otros deportes en los que las becas existen pero no suelen ser casi nunca completas. Sin embargo, tienen la ventaja de que ofrecen muy buenas condiciones para poder competir. Por ejemplo: EsgrimaEsquÃ HÃ picaNataciÃ ³n sincronizadaSnowboard CÃ ³mo conseguir las becas deportivas para Estados Unidos Existen 3Ã caminos bÃ ¡sicos. En primer lugar, que el propio deportista busque las universidades que ofrecen becas para su actividad deportiva, estudie todos los requisitos, tome los exÃ ¡menes pertinentes y envÃ e la solicitud a varias de ellas. Conviene recordar que el proceso de selecciÃ ³n americano lleva su tiempo y que hay que aplicar con varios meses de antelaciÃ ³n. Estos son los 8 documentos que requieren la mayorÃ a de las universidades y sirven para dar una idea de la complejidad del proceso. En segundo lugar, una buena fuente de becas son las asociaciones de un deporte en particular. Por ejemplo, los jugadores de tenis deben consultar con la The United States Tennis Association. Los jugadores de bolos, con el Bowling Congress, los jinetes y amazonas, con la American Morgan Horse Association, etc. Asimismo, se debe consultar con organizaciones como laÃ National Collegiate Scouting AssociationÃ que brinda apoyo a buscar becas a todo tipo de atletas. Finalmente, los estudiantes que no aspiran a becas deportivas per se pero que sus estudios estÃ ¡n relacionados con este campo como por ejemplo la medicina deportiva, pueden consultar con laÃ National Strength and Conditioning Association. En tercerÃ lugar, es posible recurrir a organizaciones expertas en este tipo de gestiones. Por ejemplo AGM Sports, especialista en estudiantes internacionales o la estadounidense Sport-Scholarships. Hay muchas posibilidades. Consejos para estudiantes internacionales Para obtener la visa F-1 ademÃ ¡s de haber sido admitido por una universidad es preciso cumplir con los objetivos generales del gobierno americano para la obtenciÃ ³n de visados. Es decir, no ser inadmisible o inelegible por ciertas causas, como por ejemplo, haber cometido cierto tipo de delitos, no tener vÃ nculos fuertes en el paÃ s de origen o, incluso, padecer de ciertas enfermedades contagiosas que se consideran que son un peligro para la sanidad pÃ ºblica.En estos casos, la visa se deniega. Y una vez que se consigue la visa, el estudiante es el responsable de asegurarse que mantiene en todo momento la validez de la misma y que no incurre en ninguna actividad que puede dar lugar a u anulaciÃ ³n, como por ejemplo, trabajar sin permiso. AdemÃ ¡s, deberÃ ¡ cumplir con requisitos fijados por las autoridades de inmigraciÃ ³n como notificar sus cambios de domicilio. A tener en cuenta TambiÃ ©n es posible buscar becas por mÃ ©rito acadÃ ©mico. Muchas las otorgan las propias universidades, por ejemplo, no es ampliamente conocido que varias universidades de Ã ©lite siguen la polÃ tica de need-blind admissions que garantiza becas totales (o casi) a los estudiantes que son admitidos (en muchos casos incluso a internacionales e indocumentados). Finalmente, si el dinero es limitado conviene explorar la posibilidad deÃ estudiar los dos primeros aÃ ±os en un Community College, que son mÃ ¡s econÃ ³micos.
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Surname 9 Name: Instructor s name: Course: 13 April 2016 ETHICAL THEORIES IN PHILOSOPHY Section one: Introduction Part of being human is the ability to distinguish good from bad and vice versa (Rachels 9). Human nature is a ground for practical and moral norms that is; morality directs us to real human fulfilment. Great thinkers have formulated and developed a significant number of enduring moral principles over the centuries. Philosophy, like other social fields and also like individuals, draw on these principles, but this does not always make moral decisions easy. The principles are not entirely consistent, especially in sorting through dilemmas. The principles may include: The Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill declares that morally right decisions are those that result in Ã¢â¬Ëhappiness for the greatest number. Kant s Duty Defined Morality explains how acts performed out of duty have moral worth. Aristotle s Virtue Ethics dictates that moderation is the best course. Divine Command theory holds that proper decisions follow God s will. And lastly, Natural Law id grounded in the notion of an eternal law (in God). According to this paper, the Kant s Duty Defined Morality is better than the other ethical theories. Section two: Explanation of Philosophical views Utilitarianism It was founded by Jeremy Bentham, later developed by James Mill and perfected by his son John Stuart Mill (Rachels 13). It is called the principle of utility. It is a democratic principle ofShow MoreRelatedMy Personal Philosophy Of Leadership1208 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshis daily life. Many use this philosophy without even consciously doing so; others will question almost all decisions they make. My personal moral philosophy is closely tied to my philosophy of leadership. I reside in the first category of people, those that operate in a moral philosophy that has not been specifically identified, but is strongly tied to my faith. This paper will allow me to express my own personal and leadership philosophy. My personal philosophy has been molded and developedRead MoreEthics in the Workplace1201 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesClassical and Contemporary Ethical Philosophies Ethical philosophies served as guide for people in the workplace to make moral decisions in conducting business. There are classical normative ethical philosophies as well as contemporary ethical philosophies being used. They have been applied in the different levels or dimensions of the business organizations. 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Ã¢â¬ ¦ [A] morality that relies exclusively on expected, calculated outcomes is not acceptable eitherÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ This book is one of many books what I am surveying now for my current research work which is roughly entitled Ã¢â¬Å"Evaluating the PossibilityRead MoreAristole962 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEthics in AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s Philosophy Ruth Geter AC 504 Ethical Issues in Business and Accounting Unit 2 Assignment July 19, 2016 Aristotle Philosophy Introduction I have chosen Aristotle as my philosopher. Ã¢â¬Å"He was the first to argue that equals should be treated equally, and unequalÃ¢â¬â¢s should be treated unequally in proportion to their relevant differencesÃ¢â¬ (Brooks and Dunn, 2014). In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society people sometimes lose sight of being ethical and often know what is right but chooses to notRead MoreEthics1435 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSome Fundamental Concepts in EthicsEthics may be broadly defined as that division of philosophy which deals with questions concerning the nature of value in matters of human conduct.While virtually all people are concerned with making ethical judgments and decisions, philosophers in particular are concerned toÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã a) explicate the nature of such judgments in generalÃ andÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã b) provide criteria for determining what is ethically right or wrong, andÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã c) ana lyze the groundsRead MoreEthical Objectivism Vs Ethical Relativism1737 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Philosophy has many different theories and distinctions between different mindsets. Some are polar-opposites from each other, some are eerily similar; philosophy can be confusing with their definitions. As an example, the ethical relativism and universalist/objectivist ethical theory. These two contain the same ideas yet have a very big difference. If not properly studied, these two can be easily mixed up. Starting with ethical relativism, according to Analyzing Moral Issues, their definition isRead MoreMoral Philosophy And Its Strength And Weaknesses1350 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmilitary officer. In other words, I will search for my moral philosophy. Furthermore, I will explain my moral philosophy and its strength and weaknesses and how I will abide by my moral philosophy in my personal and professional life. Ethical theory helps to explain my moral philosophy and its strength and weaknesses. Consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics are three main traditions in ethical theory. The consequentialist theory holds that only the outcome of actions matters morally. OurRead MoreDeontology : A Sound Ethical Theory1312 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDeontology: A Sound Ethical Theory The study of ethical theories has been proven to be somewhat of an acrmonious and challenging matter. Cultures and societies all over the world have different ideas on what should be considered morally right and what is morally wrong. With certain bias towards right and wrong based on culture and/or upbringing, studying and fully understanding each theory with an open mind can be quite difficult. Grasping each idea and making a choice as to which theory to adopt is alsoRead MorePhilosophy Is Completely Different From Psychology956 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPhilosophy is one of the most interesting subject. Many people assume and confuse it with psychology. Philosophy is completely different from psychology. Psychology is how a person feels about a topic, while philosophy is how you ought to feel about the topic. The purpose of philosophy is to understand an argument, not emotional, but logically. Only by truly understanding an argument, one can improve his/her thinking. Within philosoph y, there are many ethical theories. Such theories include: theRead MoreI Believe Act Utilitarianism Is The Strongest Ethical Theory958 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPhilosophy is one of the most interesting subjects. Many people assume and confuse it with psychology. Philosophy is completely different from psychology. Psychology is how a person feels about a topic, while philosophy is how you ought to feel about the topic. The purpose of philosophy is to understand an argument, not emotional, but logically. Only by truly understanding an argument, one can improve his/her thinking. Within philosophy, there are many ethical theories. Such theories include: the
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
We do not have to be a college graduate to be knowledgeable about the world and its dealings, we just have to be street smart and keen. We do not have to be superman to possess the strengths that will be able to bring down a 20-foot building; we just have to believe that we hold the courage and the strength to deal with our daily tribulations. We do not have to be the president of the United States to have all the answers to our questions; we just have to keep on looking and never give up. We will write a custom essay sample on The exchange took only less than ten minutes or any similar topic only for you Order Now We just have to feel alive. These things I learned when I became independent. It was a rather difficult time and I was about to give up, but then I realized I have to go through this. It was one Sunday morning and I had no classes, but I was feeling rather weak so I decided to go to the nearest clinic and get myself checked up on. It was a busy day there, perhaps because most people do not have to go to work on Sundays and get him or herself checked up by the physician. While waiting, I sat in the corridor beside this elderly woman who reminded me of my grandmother. We had a small conversation and I must admit that I had difficulties in trying to converse because English is not my native tongue, but she probably tried to understand me, and I learned more things about life that I can possibly ever learn cramped up in my small space studying. The exchange took only less than ten minutes, for she was called in the doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s room already, but what she told me could have changed my whole perspective in life, and it has. She told me that she grew up not knowing what she wanted out of life, that she took her life for granted and that if she could turn back time to my age, she would live. She said that she never explored, that she was always sheltered, and that her parents always gave her what she wanted, not even asking why. She told me that she wants to cry and lecture every single adolescent that she sees because she can see how they are throwing their lives away, as if they could live it back when they wanted to. I did not know whether to start an argument with her because of this, but I just let her talk. She told me that if she could have been more independent and had not spent every single penny that was given to her; she could have been much more satisfied. I looked at her keenly, and I noticed that she did not look shabby; in fact, she looked like someone who eats three times a day and can afford to be looked at in a clinic like this. Her last statement was the one that I would never forget. She asserted that it was not enough for us to just live, because what is the use of living when one does not feel alive. I believe that she meant that she was living her life, but she was living it aimlessly, with no direction. Perhaps it is because of the unending luxuries that were given to her that she took for granted. Alternatively, maybe it is because of her sheltered life that she cannot think of a purpose. Nevertheless, I understood what she meant by not feeling alive. Sometimes, because I have been so busy doing my routine I have stopped feeling alive. I go to school, I attend to my work and my needs, I sleep, and I eat. I do nothing with passion, I just breathe. Yes, it was just a few fleeting exchanges of words, but I was able to see it in her eyes the regret of not living all those years, of not being curious enough to seek independence, of not trying to do things that one is passionate about. I want to change, I want to be spontaneous sometimes, I want to do something that I am passionate about. I want to excel in my studies; I want to do something that I thought I would never do in a thousand years. I want to be independent and challenge myself to achieve greatness in spite and despite of the obstacles that are being thrown in front of me. I do not just want to live; I want to feel alive. And all this was inspired by a few moments that I had with this old woman in the corrid How to cite The exchange took only less than ten minutes, Papers
Sunday, May 3, 2020
Script Analysis on ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Antony and Cleopatra Introduction Antony and Cleopatra is one of the great tragedies produced by William Shakespeare. The main setting of the play is the Roman Empire, and the plot is mainly based on the history of Octavius Caesar, Marc Anony and Cleopatra. This play starts after Octavius Caesar, Marc Antony and Lepidus become three rulers of the Roman Empire. Antony falls in love with the queen of EgyptÃ¢â¬âCleopatra, and stays in Alexandria. In the play, the conflict between Antony and Octavius, AntonyÃ¢â¬â¢s affection and reason, finally turns into an inevitable tragedy.Antony dies, while Cleopatra commits suicide. This play not only depicts typical main characters such as Antony, Cleopatra and Octavia with strong personality and tragic fate, but also indicates universal themes throughout the whole plot. Themes such as struggle between oneÃ¢â¬â¢s affection and reason, war and love, seduction and sexuality can be seen through the language. However, when applying ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play in young ESL learners, the adaptation of the language, plot and themes has to be considered cautiously in order to cater for young learnerÃ¢â¬â¢s needs at both literacy and cognition level.This essay is going to analyze how to adapt the script of Antony and Cleopatra from perspectives of theme, plot and character for S4-5 students. Challenges of script adaptation and relevant implication for L2 learners would be discussed later as well. Background It is essential to know the historical context and of the play before adapting the play. According to Eileen (2010), pupils need to acquire background knowledge of the text they read to assist their understanding. Indeed, ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s primary source of the play is according to PlutarchÃ¢â¬â¢s famous tale of Antony and Cleopatra (Facciponti, 2001).Cleopatra was the Queen who governed the whole Egypt around two thousand years ago. Antony, Octavius Caesar and Lepidus shaped the rulership of the entire Roman Empire after AntonyÃ¢â¬â¢s defeating of Brutus and Cssius. Later, the Roman Empire confronted a threat from Pompey while Octavius Caesar and Lepidus endeavored to take control of it. According to Facciponti (2001), Mark Antony is known as a brave soldier, powerful speaker as well as a ladies man. Meanwhile, Antony planed a social intrigue to provoke Queen Cleopatra.However, Cleopatra had her own plan to win over Antony. She set sail on the river Cydnus to meet Antony and seduced Antony. Being enchanted by Queen Cleopatra, Antony left his family and duties and departed for Alexandria. The conflict between Antony and Octavius Caesar became sharp due to AntonyÃ¢â¬â¢s neglect on political duties. AntonyÃ¢â¬â¢s marriage with Octavius CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s sister Octavia could not heal the rift between Antony and Octavius Caesar but incensed Caesar because of AntonyÃ¢â¬â¢s ignorance on Octavia.Therefore he declared a battle on both Antony and Cleopatra. At last, Antony was defeated by Octavius Caesar, and killed himself to die with honor. Cleopatra committed a suicide in the end. According to Bevington (2005), since the play focuses on the romance of the main characters, most of the political events or wars displayed are historically true. Besides the historical background, ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s language is another important element in script adaptation.As Eileen (2010) stated, Ã¢â¬Å"ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s language has often been cited as the main obstacle to comprehending his work; whilst this may hold true to a large extent, in the teaching of Shakespeare in the English as a Second Language (ESL) classroomÃ¢â¬ (P. 317). Obviously, language of the play has to be adapted based on needs the target learners. Similarly, In the drama production, the adaptation of the script has to consider needs and abilities of actors and audience. Target The target actors and audiences of my adapted play Antony and Cleopatra are S. 4-S. students approximately at the age of sixteen to eighteen years old. According to the CDC(2002), the learning objectives for the key stage 4 (S4-S5) students on literature in English require students to Ã¢â¬Å"understand and appreciate prescribed literary in the genres of dramaÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"show appreciation of the language and style through which the comprehension of the thoughts and feelings are conveyedÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"increase awareness of human relationships and the interaction between the individual and societyÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"appreciate different culturesÃ¢â¬ (P. 49. ) Therefore, ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Antony andCleopatra, which covers a variety of themes and abundant language within a context of Roman Empire and Egypt, is likely to fit the learning needs of S. 4-S. 5 students. The overall learning goal of the play Antony and Cleopatra for the target actors and audiences would be based on the deliberately chosen themes, plot and characters in the play. As stated by Logan (2006), the play Antony and Cleopatra provoke readers and viewersÃ¢â¬â¢ desire to explore the characters and plots in order to gain a clear understanding. This aspect will be discussed specifically in the following section. Language and themeIt is apparent that the main theme of the play Antony and Cleopatra is love. As Maguire (2004) said, Antony and Cleopatra is often considered a tragedy of love. On one hand, the theme of duty is central in this play. According to Shmoop (2010), the conflict between various duties Anony have to burden and his self desire presents the central tension of the play. On the other hand, friendship is also a vital theme in the play. It is obvious that Cleopatra frequently seek support from her servants and friends throughout the play. In contrast, Antony is defeated after his trustful officers desert him.